Category Archives: Programming

Using C++11 on Mac OS X 10.8

Recent Xcode versions for Mac OS X 10.7 and 10.8 ship with Clang, a modern compiler for C/C++/ObjC based on LLVM. It fully supports C++11: simply add -std=c++0x or -std=c++11 to your CXXFLAGS. This already gives you all the new language features such as the auto keyword.

However, when you get more in-depth with C++, you’ll also want to use the new features of the standard library, such as <array> or <random>.  This however results in strange error messages:

gamelogic/Board.cpp:11:10: fatal error: 'random' file not found
#include <random>
         ^

As it turns out, your binaries get linked to the system-default libstdc++ version (/usr/lib/libstdc++.6.dylib) which is too old to support C++11. However, Mac OS X also includes libc++ (/usr/lib/libc++.1.dylib), a complete reimplementation of the standard library by the LLVM team that is fully C++11 compatible. Simply tell the compiler to use it using -stdlib=libc++ and tell the linker to link against it using -lc++.

So for a qmake .pro project file, all this might look as follows. The conditional makes it compatible with other compilers such as g++ on Linux that already ship with a C++11-compatible standard library.

QMAKE_CXXFLAGS += -std=c++0x
macx {
 contains(QMAKE_CXX, /usr/bin/clang++) {
  message(Using LLVM libc++)
  QMAKE_CXXFLAGS += -stdlib=libc++
  QMAKE_LFLAGS += -lc++
 }
}

UPDATE 2016: Mac OS X 10.9 and higher default to libc++ and don’t require the extra compiler flag. Since Mac OS X 10.8 is out of support anyway, there is no reason to use the flag anymore.

HTML to ePub using Sigil

I was looking for a way to convert HTML books into an ePub file. The general layout of the file should be preserved (including images), while all the stuff that doesn’t make sense on an ebook reader (such as navigation elements and the usual “back to top” links) should be removed.

After trying Calibre rather extensively, I came across an app named Sigil, which does exactly what I want: You just throw in your HTML files (it automatically imports images referenced by them) and add some metadata.

Before proceeding, you should use your favorite scripting language (or modify the attached quick-and-dirty PHP script) to remove everything but the main part of the chapter from the HTML files. (Make sure to remove any tables or divs surrounding the entire content because that might break page-by-page navigation on your ebook reader).

Sigil works very smooth if your HTML files are in alphabetical order. If they’re not, don’t despair: take the index.html file that (hopefully) came with them and us your favorite scripting language (or modify the attached quick-and-dirty PHP script) to grab all the links from it (be sure to remove anchors and duplicates) and generate an XML structure like <spine toc="ncx">
<itemref idref="file1.html" />
<itemref idref="file2.html" />
</spine>
. Manually replace the spine section in the content.opf file inside the generated ePub with the lines you just created. Then re-open the ePub in Sigil and check whether it found any HTML files you forgot to include (they will show up at the top of the file list) – if there are any, move them to the place where you want them.

Once you have everything the way you want it, check the auto-generated table of contents using the TOC Editor option. Chances are that you have everything in there duplicated if the links in your index.html file are recognized as chapter headlines. In that case, just uncheck those (if you don’t feel like unchecking 500 items, I’ve attached an AppleScript to do that, just select the bottom-most line you want unchecked and adjust the number of lines inside the script).

Laptop Theft Tracking Software for Mac OS X

Over the past 2.5 years or so, I’ve been developing a piece of software that allows tracking a stolen Mac laptop (works for Desktops too, though they are obviously less likely to get stolen).
Once installed on your Mac, it starts contacting my server in regular intervals to check whether it has been armed through a Web GUI. If it is armed, it starts sending screenshots and iSight captures, as well as network information like internal and external IP and available wireless networks, which you can then provide to the police in order to aid recovery of your Mac. So in that regard, it is very similar to software like e.g. Orbicule’s Undercover.

After 3 major releases of LTT and beta testing on close to 200 computers, I can now say that version 3.0.4 is very stable and runs well on both Tiger and Leopard, has no known bugs and is ready for widespread use. My current server setup can (theoretically) handle around 10000 simultaneously active clients. If you’re interested in testing it or if you would like to give your Mac some additional theft protection, please contact me so that I can set you up with an account to use the service.

Frequently Asked Questions

How secure is LTT?
All communication is done over an SSL-encrypted connection, so it is protected from being spied on and not prone to things like ARP spoofing or DNS poisoning.

How do you prevent unauthorized access to my LTT account, which could potentially be used for spying?
As long as you keep your password secret, there is not a whole lot you need to worry about. However, if somebody were to break into my server, I obviously can’t guarantee for it 😉 .

Why am I not receiving screenshots?
If the screen is asleep, screenshots are apparently not possible – this is not a bug in my software, it’s probably due to the way Apple implemented WindowServer.

Why am I not receiving iSight captures?
Either  the camera is in use by a different program or the laptop is being operated with the clamshell closed.